On Board Air India One, Jul 7 (UNI) Prime Minister Manmohan Singh today ruled out India taking responsibility of international target reductions for emission of greenhouse gases, ahead of his wide-ranging talks with world leaders at the G-8 Summit in Tokayo in Japan on climate change which tops the agenda of the meet.
Replying to a question, he said India cannot by any stretch of imagination be regarded as major pollutor of greenhouse gases."Our contribution to emissions is less than 4 per cent. On per capita basis it is among the lowest -- an average of about 1.2 tonnes." The Prime Minister said, "For us the topmost priority is development, to solve the problem of chronic poverty.....(therefore) the rest of the world community (must) promote the cause of sustainable development, and India accepts its responsibiilty as outlined in our national action plan. But I do not think we are in a position to take responsibility by way of international target reductions and that is the broad thrust of our approach.'' India, in any case, is not bound by target reductions till 2012 as per Kyoto protocol on global warming.
India, in its action plan unveiled on June 30, does not set target reduction of greenhouse gas emissions but seeks to promote sustainable development through use of clean technologies.
It,however, undertakes that India's per capita greenhouse gas emissions will "at no point exceed that of developed countries." The plan will be implemented thorough eight missions which represent multi-pronged, long-term and integrated strategies for achieving key goals in the context of climate change.
As per commitment in the action plan, Dr Singh said, "India will engage actively in multilateral negotiations in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) in a positive, constructive and forward-looking manner.'' ''Our objective will be to establish an effective, cooperative and equitable global approach based on the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and relative capabilities enshrined in the UNFCC," the plan document said.
It states that the success of its efforts would be enhanced if the developed nations fulfill their commitments under UNFCC to transfer additional financial resources and climate friendly technologies to the developing countries.
The eight missions focus on increasing share of solar energy in the total energy mix; implementation of energy efficiency measures; launching sustainable habitats; effective water resource management; safeguarding Himalyan glacier and mountain eco-system, enhance eco-system services; making agriculture more resilient to climate change and set up a Strategic Knowledge Mission for focussed research in the area.
UNI SAA RP AS2050