By Ajay Kumar
Patna, April 28 : Sanjay Gandhi Zoo in Patna today holds a distinct place at international level for its rhino population and earned acclaim for its breeding techniques.
The innovative techniques being used for rhino breeding at Patna zoo have been appreciated worldwide.
Recently, California's San Diego Zoo that holds number one position for rhino breeding in the world had sought two male rhinos in return of a rhinoceros and a baby rhino for genetic pool variation under exchange programme.
The Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan, which is a zoological and a botanical garden has raised its population of rhinos from two to 11 and holds second position after California zoo.
According to the zoo authorities, a conducive environment and proper food supplements were prime reasons for the raising the rhino population here.
"Here we ensure that the animals have a conducive environment and ample food. And, this matters a lot for breeding them. The rhinos feel at home here and we don't face any problems during the breeding. Every year we get one baby rhino and now there are 11 rhinos in the zoo," said Shubhash Verma, the Deputy Director with Patna Zoo.
Decline in rhino population has been a matter of global concern, as it has been rated as the most endangered species under the Schedule I category.
Visitors are delighted to find so many massive creatures in zoos' pool.
"We have seen most of the denizens in the zoo here, but have specially come to watch the specially bred rhinos and it is really interesting to know that the zoo holds the second position in the world and first in India as far as rhino breeding is concerned," said Manoj Kumar, a visitor.
Under an exchange programme, the Santiago zoo has taken two male rhinos from the Patna zoo in return of a she-rhino and a calf aiming to introduce genetic pool variation.
Moreover, the International Species Information System (ISIS) in appreciation of Patna zoo has offered it a membership to share rhino breeding technique so that zoos around the world could be benefited.
The Patna zoo will thus be able to share information with 700 zoos across the world. It will be updated about the scientific development that will help in ensuring better upkeep of the rhinos.
Rhinos are among the rarest mammals in the world today. They are the largest land mammals after the elephant and weigh from 1,800 to 3,600 kg.