New Delhi, Feb 28 : The Central Government has said that the fluctuation in the population of wildlife is a natural phenomenon.
"There are no reports to indicate a continuous sharp decline in the population of endangered species in general," said a statement issued by the Environment and Forests Ministry.
The statement, however, said that habitat degradation and other disturbances could have adverse effect on the natural population of wildlife.
The Government has taken number of steps to protect wildlife and prevent poaching. They are enactment of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 to deal with the issues of wildlife crime. Stringent penalties are imposed on the offenders for the contravention of the provisions of the act.
A network of National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries has been set up across the country, Wildlife Crime Control Bureau, with a network a five Regional and three Sub Regional Offices, has been set up to control wildlife crime, providing financial support under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme -Development of National Parks and Sanctuaries, Project Tiger and Project Elephant, to State and Union Territory (UT) Governments for the conservation and development of wildlife and its habitats.
The statement also said that India is a signatory to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) that regulates international trade in wildlife and its derivatives as well as India has bilateral arrangements with China and Nepal on combating wildlife crime.
In addition to all this, the State and UT Governments have also do intensive patrolling in sensitive areas, coordinate with other law enforcement agencies.
They have also made provision for arms and ammunition, and communication facilities and conduct nature awareness campaigns for the public.