New Delhi, Feb 5: Eventhough no human case of avian influenza has been detected till now in West Bengal, three of the 3,353 persons having fever and Upper Respiratory tract infection (URI) were found to have been exposed to sick/infected birds. Meanwhile, a total of 28.59 lakh people are under surveillance in 14 bird flu affected districts of the state. Of these 16.08 lakh were under surveillance in 0-3 Km area while 12.50 lakhs in 3-10 Km area.
In 0-3 Km area, 1982 persons with fever and URI have been detected, of which one had exposure to sick/infected birds while in the 3-10 Kms area a total of 1371 persons have been detected with fever and URI, of which two had exposure history. These cases have been followed up. However, no human cases of Avian Influenza has been detected in any of the affected districts. The health ministry has supplied 4,20,000 capsules of Tamiflu, 5000 personal protective equipment, 5000 N-95 masks and 20 ventilators and 150 bottles of Tamiflu syrup to West Bengal. A stock of 10,000 Tamiflu and 500 PPE have been sent to Assam, Bihar and Jharkhand.
Jharkhand, Bihar and Assam which share a common border with West Bengal have been instructed to ban and prevent any entry of poultry or poultry related products from West Bengal into these States. Other States have also been put on alert.
The IEC campaign initiated by MOHFW as stated in the earlier reports is continuing. Central RRTs have been deployed to all the districts. Trained Rapid Response teams from Gujarat and Goa have been deployed to the affected areas. The team from Maharashtra has been assigned the task of reviewing the preparedness in the unaffected districts of Jalpaiguri, Darjeeling and North Dinajpur.
The manpower under Pulse-Polio programme supported by WHO has been requested to conduct surveillance for reporting influenza like illness in the districts adjoining affected areas of West Bengal.
This includes the bordering districts of Assam, Jharkhand, Bihar, Tripura and Orissa.
A two-day training programme was held at NICD for physicians of Central Government Hospitals on clinical management of human cases of Avian influenza.
To prevent spread of the outbreak into the neighbouring states, it has been decided to create a poultry free ring of 5 km width along the border of West Bengal in the State of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand and Orissa.
The situation is being monitored on a daily basis. A control room is functioning from the Emergency Medical Relief division of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in New Delhi from 8.00 AM to 8.00 PM. The control room number is 23061469. Daily status reports are being web hoisted and could be accessed at www.mohfw.nic.in.