New Delhi, Jan 1 (UNI) Terrorist and Naxal violence kept the government on tenterhooks throughout 2007, as did a sudden spurt in the casteist movements, though the incidence of Maoist-caused attacks and casualties showed a marginal decline.
Though the overall internal security situation in the country was largely under control during 2007, and the conditions in Jammu&Kashmir showed perceptible improvement, the situation in Assam, Manipur and Nagaland remained the main areas of concern.
The communal situation remained under control during 2007, but several terrorist incidents including the Mecca Masjid blast in Hyderabad, the twin blasts in Hyderabad, the blast in the premises of Durgah Sharif in Ajmer, the blast at the Sringar Cinema Hall in Ludhiana and simultaneous bomb blasts in court premises in Faizabad, Varanasi and Lucknow took place. However, the security forces succeeded in busting a large number of terrorist modules.
On the Naxal front, the number of incidents and casualties showed a marginal decline. Till the end of November 2007, the number of incidents of naxalite violence and of casualties among police personnel and civilians remained about the same as in the corresponding period of 2006, with a very marginal decrease.
Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand together accounted for 68.16 per cent of the total incidents and 76.42 per cent of the total casualties.
There was a decline in the number of incidents and casualties in Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.
In Jammu&Kashmir, the number of incidents (till end November) were down by 33 per cent, of civilians killed by 59 per cent and security force personnel by 28 per cent over the corresponding period of the previous year. The state government's proposal for deployment of 5000 more SPOs was approved, thus increasing the number of SPOs to 30,474.
In the North East, Assam, Manipur and Nagaland were the main areas of concern. In Assam, there has been a spurt in the violence by the ULFA. Several measures were taken to deal with the situation including intensification of counter-insurgency operations and Suspension of Operations agreements with several groups including National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB), United People's Democratic Solidarity (UPDS) and Dima Halam Daoga (DHD). In Manipur, various ethnic and sub-ethnic groups have been engaging in violence.
In Nagaland, peace talks initiated in 1997 continue and the ceasefire agreement was extended in July 2007 for an indefinite period. While the overall violence levels in the State have come down, factional violence continues.
Government's approach was to x x x x Eds: Picking up from Para five of DI29 YEARENDER-HOME UNI BKS VD AS1910