New Delhi, Dec 18 (UNI) Against the backdrop of the ongoing debate over judicial overreach in the country, a US Judge today said the US Supreme Court interprets the Constitution for the other organs of the state, directing them in their respective fields of activity.
''In the US, Supreme Court tackles mostly the issues relating to the Constitution and we tell the other organs namely, the executive and the legislature, how to perform in their respective fields,'' Justice Stephen Breyer, Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court, who is here on a two-day visit, told lawyers in the Delhi High Court.
He said, ''Our lawyers keep telling us about the laws of other countries. We try to study and follow those laws and try to change.'' Speaking on the issue of the role of High Courts in promoting democracy, Justice Stephen said ''time has come for democratisation of the Constitution. The Constitution should be on the tips of every student.'' Speaking on the occasion, Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court M K Sharma said US, the oldest democracy and India the largest democracy, both respect the constitutional principals, cherish its implementation and respect the rule of law.
''Judiciary of both the countries is custodian of the rights and liberty of the citizens. It is the guardian of human rights and it not only interprets the law but also picks up issues which concerns the public at large,'' Mr Sharma said.
Justice Stephen is a constitutional expert and his famous judgements include abortion rights, homosexual sex, gay rights, abolishion of capital punishment for juveniles.
He has authored several books and travels to various countries to add to his knowledge their laws. He said ''the world is not geographically divided nor it is divided by genders but it is divided by law abiding people and the others who do not believe in the rule of law. Lawyers and judges are on the better side of the world and want to create a law abiding society,'' he said.
Judges of the Delhi High Court and the lower courts, President of the Delhi High court Bar association K C Mittal, Additional Solicitor General P P Malhotra, Standing Counsel for Delhi government (NCT) J R Midha and Tees Hazari Bar Association President Mr Ved Prakash Sharma, former Delhi High Court Bar president A S Chandok and many other eminent lawyers were present on the occasion.