Washington, Dec 13 (UNI) Research indicates that more than half of new cases of diabetes mellitus could be avoided through simple lifestyle changes.
A study published this year in the Archives of Internal Medicine showed that portion sizes matter when it comes to weight loss, Herald reported.
The people who eat controlled portions lost two per cent of their body weight over six months compared with a loss of only 0.1 per cent in those who made no dietary changes, the study said.
Simply controlling portions without any other changes may be enough to promote and maintain weight loss, the research showed.
''Blend physical activities into your daily routine to get better results'', said Dr Gerald Ryan, associate director of health services at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.
''A simple way to do that is to put some kind of exercise equipment in front of the TV. You could exercise on a stationary bike or Nordic track machine while watching a favourite TV programme or the news,'' he added.
''The more you do, the better,'' Dr Ryan said, adding ''But anything is better than nothing just walking from your car and walking up the stairs.'' ''Lifestyle works,'' said Dr Ryan. ''Keep that in mind; it's not a waste of your breath,'' he added.
Another study from the National Institute of Health followed a large group of people at risk for diabetes who made these changes.
After an average follow-up of three years, participants achieved nearly a 60 per cent reduction in diabetes risk compared to a 30 per cent reduction in those on medication.