Reuters historical calendar - October 24

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London, Oct 23 (Reuters) Following are some of the major events to have occurred on Oct. 24 since 1900: 1922 - The Irish parliament adopted a constitution for an Irish Free State, which formally came into existence in December.

1924 - A letter calling on Britons to revolt, supposedly from the Russian revolutionary Grigory Zinoviev, was leaked to the British press shortly before a national election. The letter was a fake, but the Conservatives scored a huge victory over the socialist Labour party.

1929 - Share prices collapsed as nearly 13 million shares changed hands in panic selling on the New York Stock Exchange in what became known as ''Black Thursday''.

1931 - The American gangster boss Al Capone was sentenced to 11 years in jail for tax evasion.

1944 - The Japanese battleship Musashi, one of the largest ever built, was sunk by U.S. planes during the Battle of Leyte Gulf.

1945 - The United Nations Charter, adopted by the San Francisco Conference in June 1945, formally came into force.

1945 - Vidkun Quisling, prime minister of Norway during the German occupation, was executed by firing squad in Oslo for high treason. His surname became a byword for treachery.

1956 - One day after the start of the Hungarian uprising, Imre Nagy was appointed prime minister and Soviet tanks appeared on the streets of Budapest.

1957 - Christian Dior, the French fashion designer responsible for the ''New Look'', died.

1964 - Northern Rhodesia became independent as the Republic of Zambia, with Kenneth Kaunda as president.

1980 - Polish authorities granted recognition to the new independent trade union Solidarity.

1989 - The American television evangelist Jim Bakker was sentenced to 45 years in jail and fined 0,000 for swindling his followers.

1997 - Sierra Leone's military junta agreed to step down and restore power to the elected president, Ahmad Tejan Kabbah.

1999 - Argentina's centre-left Alliance under Fernando de la Rua ended 10 years of Peronist tenure of the presidency.

2000 - U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright ended a historic visit to Pyongyang after receiving a personal pledge from North Korean leader Kim Jong-il to halt long-range missile tests.

2001 - Twenty-two members of the the Harakat-ul-Mujahideen, a Pakistani militant group, were killed in a U.S. raid on Kabul.

2002 - A U.S. Gulf War veteran was arrested along with a teenager in the Washington area sniper case, ending a three-week murder spree that left 10 people dead.

2003 - Three Concordes flew into London in a spectacular finale to the era of supersonic civilian air travel.

2004 - A Russian Soyuz capsule returned safely to earth carrying the U.S. astronaut Michael Fincke and the Russian Gennady Padalka, who had manned the International Space Station for almost 188 days. During their accident-prone mission, the crew had twice lost the station's orientation in space, and on one occasion mission control lost all contact with them.

2005 - Rosa Parks, who galvanised the U.S. civil rights movement by refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama, in the segregated South half a century earlier, died aged 92.


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