OSLO, Sep 24 (Reuters) Climate change is spurring a ''worldwide economic and industrial restructuring'' as more and more of the world's largest companies seek to confront global warming, an investor survey said today.
Even so, some big firms were still doing far too little to identify risks and opportunities from climate change, according to the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP), representing more than 315 institutional investors managing 41 trillion dollar in assets.
A record 77 per cent of the world's top 500 firms, rated by market capitalisation in the FT500, answered a request for information about their responses to global warming, up from 72 per cent in 2006, it said.
''One trend above all is becoming increasingly clear: climate change and the various regulatory, policy and business responses to it are driving what amounts to a worldwide economic and industrial restructuring,'' a 92-page survey said.
''That restructuring has already begun to redefine the very basis of competitive advantage and financial performance for both companies and their investors,'' it said.
The project, in its fifth year, seeks to guide investors by getting companies to give details of their greenhouse gases and strategies for everything from energy efficiency to recycling.
''Seventy-six per cent of responding companies reported implementing a greenhouse gas emissions reduction initiative,'' up from 48 per cent in the previous FT500 survey, it said.
UN climate experts say that warming, blamed mainly on greenhouse gases emitted by burning fossil fuels, will bring more droughts, heatwaves, floods, rising seas.
At the launch of the survey in New York, former US President Bill Clinton said it was unrealistic to believe governments would do anything to tackle climate change if it would hurt economic growth.
But he said he believed that a properly organized attack on global warming would provide wealthy countries with ''the biggest economic boom since we mobilized for World War Two'' and would spread benefits of economic growth further among developing countries than normal expansion of trade and investment.
''You have got oil over 70 dollar (a barrel), most of what we need to do is economical right now if we were properly organised, financed and there was sufficient market knowledge of what the real options are,'' Clinton said.
CROPS, CARS In a series of examples of change, the survey said brewer Anheuser-Busch was trying to develop crops resistant to extreme weather. Oil group Total aimed to cut flaring of associated gas 50 per cent by 2012 compared to 2005.
Alcoa had increased its purchase of recycled aluminum by 20 percent in 2006 while a range of carmakers was working to develop more hybrid electric-fuel vehicles.
''Investors are looking for the next big thing. If the company is part of the problem on climate change, it hasn't a clear run at the markets of the 21st century,'' Paul Dickinson, chief executive officer of the CDP, told Reuters.
The CDP sent requests to 2,400 companies around the world and got 1,300 responses. In the FT500, Europe-based companies led in response rates. US-based firms lagged and none of seven Chinese companies replied.
The CDP also published a first index of firms with what it said were best carbon disclosure practices, including mining group Rio Tinto, energy firm Iberdrola, computer firm Hewlett Packard or Westpac Banking.
Still, it said too many firms failed to reply, such as Apple Computer, Bank of China, Berkshire Hathaway, Gazprom or Philips Electronics.
''We find it absolutely incomprehensible why a company will fail to respond to a legitimate request from its shareholders,'' said Dickinson. ''Have they got something to hide? Do they think they operate in a complete vacuum?'' In a linked survey of top US companies in the SP500, response rates were 56 per cent -- a majority for a first time and up from 47 percent a year earlier. The United States is outside the UN's Kyoto Protocol for curbing emissions.
REUTERS GT RK2310