LONDON, May 22 (Reuters) Following are some of the major events to have occurred on May 23 since 1900: 1906 - Henrik Ibsen, the Norwegian dramatist known for ''Peer Gynt'' and other plays, died.
1934 - Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, notorious American outlaws, robbers and murderers, were killed in a shootout with police.
1937 - John D Rockefeller, US multimillionaire and founder of the Standard Oil Company, died.
1945 - The leading German Nazi Heinrich Himmler committed suicide a day after being captured; Admiral Karl Doenitz and leading members of the German government were arrested; British Prime Minister Winston Churchill resigned, bringing an end to the country's wartime coalition.
1949 - The German Federal Republic formally came into existence with Bonn as its capital, after the signing of the constitution.
1960 - Adolf Eichmann, chief organiser of the Nazis' attempt to wipe out Europe's Jews, was captured by Israeli agents in Argentina.
He was later executed in Israel.
1977 - Moluccan extremists took 105 schoolchildren and 50 others hostage on a hijacked train in the Netherlands. The children were released on May 27 and the siege ended when the train was stormed on June 11.
1992 - Judge Giovanni Falcone, a top Italian prosecutor working against the Mafia, was assassinated. A one-tonne bomb exploded as his motorcade was passing.
1999 - The film ''Star Wars: Episode 1 -- The Phantom Menace'' became the first to make more than 100 million dollar in five days.
2001 - Alessandro Natta, last leader of the Italian Communist Party, died aged 83.
2002 - Sam Snead, whose unmatched 135 tournament victories worldwide and trademark straw hat made him a golfing legend, died aged 89.
2003 - In Iraq, the US civil administrator announced the disbanding of the Iraqi armed forces as well as the sacking of 400,000 staff who had formed the backbone of Saddam's rule.
2006 - Former US senator and treasury secretary Lloyd Bentsen, who ran unsuccessfully for vice president in 1988, died aged 85.
REUTERS SM SSC1025